Art Through History

He defines art as the imitation of the invisible material or through matter or visible. It’s all man’s ability. It is opposed to nature. Art and Nature are the two most comprehensive genera formed by human intelligence within the genre as Nature and Art encompass all phenomena of the universe. Nature is designated, all that exists independently of study and work, ie phenomena as we find them and is designated as art, everything that we do not find, that is, is everything we produce with invention and effort .

The classical authors defined a fine art as the imitation of nature. With this definition a great field was opened to the controversy over the objectivity and subjectivity of beauty. The idea of art involves a set of procedures, a method to obtain specific results. Littre defined it as: “how to do something by a certain method,” and Joubert says, “is the ability reduced to theory. Usually reserve the name Art for the manifestations of human activity that has to do with feelings and imagination, like poetry, music, painting, sculpture and architecture. In a narrower sense, art is defined, as opposed to literature, in that order of creations that are directed to move through his eyes, such as architecture, sculpture and painting.

Throughout history philosophers have discussed at length the origin, the end, the nature and classification of the arts. One of them was Aristotle in his treatises on the Beautiful, The Imitation of Atre (Rhetoric Part III), analyzed and listed the essence and purpose of art. Hegel distinguished in art history three ways, corresponding to three states of civilization: “The first is the symbolic form, where only produced crude images of natural forces. “The second is the classical form, which is idealized matter, reaching the perfect balance of mind and its outward manifestation, and the third is the Romantic, is when art and seeks more spiritualized ideal within consciousness. The first is typical of the Orient, Greece’s second and third of the middle ages. According to Hegel the romantic forms characterized by expression rather than seek beauty, admitting real with their imperfections and ugliness. To top art is an instrument of government or religion, and later achieved independence by increasing their varieties to admit all sorts of representations and not merely representations of the sacred legends, as in the beginning. In the ancient works of conception is even, the attitude of the characters are identical, while in the modern are more diverse and heterogeneous. Poetry, music and dancing confused at first, gradually differ. So Spencer is in the historical evolution of art confirmation of its principle, all organic progress is a step in the homogeneous to the heterogeneous, from simple to complex.


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