Ceramic Tile: From History To Modernity

Secrets of success of Spanish artists have their roots in the Middle Ages, when the first factory, borrowed technology and ceramic glazes and blending in the eastern nations, began to produce first mosaic, later production expands, more and more oriented to the mass market and began to produce ceramic plates, later transformed into ceramic tiles. Italian masters adopted the art of making tiles from the Venetians, are the first in medieval Europe, merchants and travelers. However, despite similar motives and technology, Spanish and Italian schools of manufacturing glazes, and ceramic and patterning have evolved in different directions. Speaking of Spanish tile, it is worth mentioning pronounced Iranian and Moorish influence, in fact up to the expulsion of Muslims from Spanish ceramic tile production secrets they possessed only the Arabs, and only under duress, they were forced to share these secrets with the Spaniards. Italian tile, technologies and techniques production which was once simply kidnapped from the Spaniards, however, has pronounced differences. If the Spanish tile manufactured for quality and strength, the Italians made a major emphasis on elegance forms and the beauty of the picture. However, quality Italian tiles are often inferior to Spanish. Classical Spanish and Italian tiles for centuries was a wall.

Wall tiles decorated and ennobled both interior and facades. In those days the floor was covered with the homes of traditional parquet or natural stone. Floor tile appeared relatively recently, and her appearance contributed to the development technology. Complex process has yielded an unusually strong ceramic tile, which was the secret of strength in that its composition was added granite dust. This floor tile has name porcelanosa, under the name of the special clay, which served as a key component for its manufacture – portselana. To date, Italian and Spanish ceramic tile can be found everywhere. Any shop tiles is in the range of at least a few samples of Italian and Spanish tiles. Best Italian tiles for floors and walls are products under the brand name and Fap Ceramiche Viva Ceramica. The best Spanish firms for the manufacture of ceramic Tiles are Perodna and Porcelanosa.


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